E-scooters and other personal mobility devices (PMD) are now able to be used in the ACT. Find out more information on this page about PMD’s and the road rules for when you are using these devices.
What is a PMD?
A PMD is a device that is:
- propelled by an electric motor; and
- designed for use by only 1 person; and
- weighing not more than 60kg unladen; and
- with 1 or more wheels; and
- with a brake system; and
- that cannot travel faster than 25km/h on level ground; and
- with dimensions not more than:
- 1250mm in length; and
- 700mm in width; and
- 1350mm in height.
What devices are considered a PMD?
Examples of PMD’s include:
- segway-like devices;
- e-scooters; and
This list is not exhaustive and other emerging devices may be captured by the above definition in the future.
What devices are not considered to be a PMD?
A PMD does not include:
- Motorised wheelchairs or mobility scooters commonly used by individuals with a disability;
- Electric bicycles; and
- Scooters, skateboards, rollerblades and/or other wheeled recreational devices or wheeled toys that are not propelled by electric motors.
Where can I use a PMD?
PMD’s are permitted on footpaths, shared paths, bicycle paths and the bicycle side of separated paths. They will not be permitted on roads or bicycle lanes. Not allowing these devices to travel on roads, reduces the risk of a vehicle and e-scooter collision and aligns with the ACT Government’s commitment to Vision Zero.
A person on a PMD may only use the road if there is no footpath, shared path or nature strip next to the road or it is impracticable to travel on one of those areas. If a person on a PMD is required to use the road, they must cross the road by the shortest, safest route and not stay on the road for longer than necessary.
Personal mobility devices can be used on private property where the road transport law does not apply.
What is the speed limit for a person on a PMD?
- You must slow down to 10km/h when approaching and travelling across a crossing;
- You must not travel at a speed faster than 15km/h when travelling on a footpath; and
- You must not travel at a speed faster than 25km/h when travelling on shared paths, bicycle side of separated paths and bicycle paths.
These speed limits are a maximum, and people need to use their judgement and travel at the appropriate and safe speed for the environment they are travelling in and be respectful to pedestrians and others. Sharing the road is everyone’s responsibility and the speed limits provide a balance between safety and the devices being a viable transport option.
From 20 December 2019, e-scooters and other similar devices that meet the definition of personal mobility device (PMD) can legally be used in the ACT in certain locations.
Other requirements when travelling on a PMD
- You must wear an approved bicycle helmet;
- You must have a warning device such as a bell fitted to your device or otherwise accessible to you;
- You are not allowed to use a mobile device while operating the device;
- You must not be impaired by alcohol;
- You must have lights and reflectors on either the device or your person at night or in hazardous weather conditions;
- You must not carry any passengers;
- You must give way to other pedestrians and keep to the left. It is the responsibility of all users to share the footpath and road and be mindful of other users; and
- Children under the age of 12 must not use a PMD without adult supervision.
- Obey applicable ACT road transport laws.
Using PMDs on public transport
Carriage of e-scooters and similar devices on buses falls under the Transport Canberra Carriage of Goods Policy and can be brought onto buses at the drivers’ discretion. A bus driver may refuse your request to bring a device on-board if they deem that it is not safe for you or other passengers due to reasons such as size, and number of passengers on board.
Please remember to fold down your device to enable correct and safe storage.
All bulky items should:
- not block the aisle or exits
- not obscure the vision of the driver
- be easily carried on or off the bus by the passenger
- be stored safely and securely within the passenger area.
Devices are permitted on the lightrail providing they can be safely secured. The device must be electric-powered and not larger than 1250mm in length x 700 mm in width x 1350mm in height and weight no more than 60kg.